Azerbaijan refuses to establish diplomatic and good-neighbourly relations with Armenia, putting the settlement of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict as a precondition.
The military phase of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict started in 1991 when, in response to the plea of the NK population for self-determination, Azerbaijani authorities tried to resolve the issue through ethnic cleansing and initiating large-scale hostilities, under the guise of the implementation of passport regime by the Soviet security forces (special detachments of the KGB), resulting in thousands of casualties and considerable human and material losses. In 1994 Russian-mediated trilateral (Azerbaijan, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic /Artsakh/, Armenia) cease-fire was established.
Nowadays negotiations on the settlement of the conflict are held in the framework of the OSCE Minsk Group (Co-chairmen-Russia, USA, France), on the basis of Madrid proposals presented by the Co-chairs in November 2007, which anticipates the determination of the status of Nagorno Karabakh, on the basis of a legally binding expression of will of the Nagorno Karabakhi people.
Azerbaijan rejects and grossly violates the principle of non-use or threat of force, at the state level promotes xenophobia and Armenophobia, does not comply with the provisions of the resolutions adopted by the UN Security Council in 1993, initiating an arms race and periodic provocations on the line of contact, refuses to withdraw its occupation troops from the territory of Nagorno-Karabakh, hindering the negotiation process.