The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945. It is currently composed of 193 Member States. The mission and work of the United Nations are guided by the purposes and principles contained in its founding Charter.
There are six official languages of the UN. These are Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.
The main organs of the UN are
The General Assembly is the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the UN. All 193 Member States of the UN are represented in the General Assembly, making it the only UN body with universal representation. Each year, in September, the full UN membership meets in the General Assembly Hall in New York for the annual General Assembly session, and general debate, which many heads of state attend and address. Decisions on important questions, such as those on peace and security, admission of new members and budgetary matters, require a two-thirds majority of the General Assembly. Decisions on other questions are by simple majority.
The main committees of the UN General Assembly are
The Security Council has primary responsibility, under the UN Charter, for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has 15 Members (5 permanent and 10 non-permanent members). Each Member has one vote. Under the Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions. The Security Council takes the lead in determining the existence of a threat to the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to imposing sanctions or even authorize the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security. The Security Council also recommends to the General Assembly the appointment of the Secretary-General and the admission of new Members to the United Nations. And, together with the General Assembly, it elects the judges of the International Court of Justice.
The Economic and Social Council is the principal body for coordination, policy review, policy dialogue and recommendations on economic, social and environmental issues, as well as implementation of internationally agreed development goals. It serves as the central mechanism for activities of the UN system and its specialized agencies in the economic, social and environmental fields, supervising subsidiary and expert bodies. It has 54 Members, elected by the General Assembly for overlapping three-year terms. It is the United Nations’ central platform for reflection, debate, and innovative thinking on sustainable development.
The ECOSOC Functional Commissions are
The Trusteeship Council was established in 1945 by the UN Charter, under Chapter XIII, to provide international supervision for 11 Trust Territories that had been placed under the administration of seven Member States, and ensure that adequate steps were taken to prepare the Territories for self-government and independence. By 1994, all Trust Territories had attained self-government or independence. The Trusteeship Council suspended operation on 1 November 1994. By a resolution adopted on 25 May 1994, the Council amended its rules of procedure to drop the obligation to meet annually and agreed to meet as occasion required -- by its decision or the decision of its President, or at the request of a majority of its members or the General Assembly or the Security Council.
The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. Its seat is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). It is the only one of the six principal organs of the United Nations not located in New York (United States of America). The Court’s role is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.
The Secretariat comprises the Secretary-General and tens of thousands of international UN staff members who carry out the day-to-day work of the UN as mandated by the General Assembly and the Organization's other principal organs. The Secretary-General is chief administrative officer of the Organization, appointed by the General Assembly on the recommendation of the Security Council for a five-year, renewable term.
António Guterres, the current Secretary-General of the United Nations, took office on 1st January 2017.
ARMENIA – UNITED NATIONS COOPERATION
The Republic of Armenia is a member of the United Nations since 1992. Accepting the principles of universal values, Human Rights protection, and Democracy as inseparable parts of its state ideology, Armenia actively involved in the daily work of this global organization and closely cooperates with the numerous bodies and offices of the United Nations.
Today Armenia is ready to deepen its participation in the activities of the UN bodies. Based on its experience of previous years, Armenia is ready to have its visible involvement into global processes of Human Righs protection, Democracy promotion, and establishment of legal state.
Armenia has been elected and made its contribution into some important bodies of the United Nations such as Economic and Social council (ECOSOC), the Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (CCPCJ), the Commission on Human Rights (CHR), the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW), the Committee for Programme and Coordination, the Commission for Social Development (CSocD), the Commission on Population and development, Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), the Statistical Commission etc. In 2014 Armenia was elected into The Committee for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict of UNESCO (2014-2018) and The Subcommittee on Prevention of Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (SPT) (2015-2019). In 2016 Armenia was elected a member of committee for the safeguarding of intangible cultural heritage of UNESCO for the term 2016-2020.
In May 2015 the Prime-Minister of the Republic of Armenia signed “Armenia – United Nations Development Assistance Framework'' program which includes the main directions of cooperation for the term 2016-2020.
In 2016 Armenia summarized the results of implementation of Millennium Development Goals. The National Progress Report of the Millennium Development Goals was touching upon the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and United Nations Agenda 2030.
The UN Division of the International Organizations Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Armenia jointly with, governmental agencies, UN office in Armenia and NGOs launched the process of nationalization of 17 SDGs of United Nations New Agenda. During the first part of that process agencies made a research on correspondence of strategic program of the Government of Armenia 2014-2025 to the SDGs and their targets. The revealed omissions will be incorporated into the Action Plans of strategies.
On 21 September 2016, on a 25th Anniversary of the Independence day of the Republic of Armenia, Edward Nalbandian, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Armenia chaired the UN General Assembly Session. This was first time in Armenia's modern history when High-Level official of Armenia chaired one of the Sessions of the UN General Assembly.
The 2016 was a distinctive year in terms of cancellation of UN Secretary-General's visit to the South Caucasus region, since the MFA of Armenia and Armenia's Permanent Mission to the UN boycotted the UN Alliance of Civilization’s (UNAOC) forum to be held in Baku on April 26-27 and its Declaration. Taking into consideration the protest of the Armenian society, especially after April war, the UN Secretary-General made a decision not to visit Baku and Yerevan respectively, though previously the UN Secretary-General always took part in all UNAOC forums.
On 9 December 2016, the observance of the International Day of Commemoration and Dignity of the Victims of the Crime of Genocide and of the Prevention of this Crime was held at the United Nations in New York. The observance of the International Day commenced with a minute of silence in honour of the memory of the victims of Genocide. Opening remarks were delivered by Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations Mr. Jan Eliasson and Vice-President of the 71st Session of the UN General Assembly Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Germany to the UN Mr. Harald Braun. The UN Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide Mr. Adama Dieng delivered keynote remarks on the role of National and International actors on prevention. Representatives of UN member states, academic institutions, civil society organizations and media, as well as representatives of the Armenian-American community and school children attended the observance of the International Day.
In 2016 Armenia systematically paid its membership fees to the international organizations as well as paid the remaining debts off. It is already more than 10 years since Armenia is included in Honour Roll of the United Nations for being a country which systematicall making its membership fees payments to the United Nations budget every year. In 2016 the list included Armenia and 26 countries, and as of January 2017 Armenia is one of 9 countries in the list. In January 2017 the Government of the Republic of Armenia transferred 151,338.00 US dollars to the regular budget of the UN as a membership fee for 2017.